My research will examine how refugee camps in Lebanon are using education to help prevent radicalization of migrant youth from the refugee crisis affecting the region. The project will use past and recent literature on Lebanese refugee camps, as well as, comparisons to refugee settlement in Turkey to analyze and understand the results. This research will seek to attest the influence and value of education in the mitigation of conflict. The research will also attempt to manifest the valuable insight education can bring to cultural competency when creating peace-building policy.
Some questions that will help guide the research are: How has the increase in severity of the Syrian Civil War affected the quality of education implemented in these camps? What specific cultural traits either ease or hinder the ability to provide education in these camps? What implications will these results have on the policy actions being taken by the international community?
The socio-cultural elements that are affected by the migrant crisis are the political, social, cultural, and security elements. The political components refer to the political instability causing the crisis and the policy actions being taken by Lebanon and Turkey towards migrants. The social sector include the socialization of youth by the educational institutions in the camps, as well as, the societal make up of the home community. The cultural portions that are being impacted are language, heritage, gender roles, and values of education. Security elements include the openness of borders and the possibility of radicalization and terrorism.
Referenced Sources for Crisis, Context, and Lens:
Abuza, Zachary. “Education and Radicalization: Jemaah Islamiyah Recruitment in Southeast Asia.” The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes. Ed. James J. F. Forest. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. 2006. 66-83.
Brown, Graham K. “The Influence of Education on Violent Conflict and Peace: INequality, Opportunity, and the Management of Diversity.” Prospects: Quarterly Review of Comparative Education 41, no. 2 (2011). 191-204. doi: http://search.proquest.com/docview/881462038?accountid=8285
Fincham, Kathleen. “Learning the Nation in Exile: Constructing Youth Identities, Belonging and ‘Citizenship’ in Palestinian Refugee Camps in South Lebanon.” Comparative Education 48, no.1 (2012). 119-133. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03050068.2011.637767
Krueger, Alan B. and Jitka Maleckova. “Education, Poverty, and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?” Journal of Economic Perspectives 17, no. 4 (2003). 119-144. URL: http://www.rochester.edu/College/PSC/clarke/214/Krueger03.pdf
Maleckova, Jitka and Dragana Stanisic. “Does Higher Education Decrease Support for Terrorism?” Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 19, no. 3 (2013). 343-358. doi: 10.1515/peps-2013-0027.
Netto, Gina. “Strangers in the City: Addressing Challenges to the Protection, Housing and Settlement of Refugees.” European Journal of Housing Policy; Abingdon 11, no. 3 (2011). 285-303. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616718.2011.599132
Pels, Trees and Doret J. de Ruyter. “The Influence of Education and Socialization on Radicalization: An Exploration of Theoretical Presumptions and Empirical Research.” Child & Youth Care Forum 41, no. 3 (2012). 311-325. doi: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1013463132?accountid=8285
Ritchter, Erica. “Intercultural Education: A Contribution to Peace in the Developing Global Society?” Critical Theories, Radical Pedagogies, and Global Conflicts. Ed. Gustavo E. Fischman, Peter McLaren, Heinz Sunker, and Colin Lankshear. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2005. 307-316.
Smith, Alan. “The Influence of Education on Conflict and Peacebuilding.” Background Paper Prepared for the Education for ALl Global Monitoring Report 2011. The Hidden Crisis: Armed Conflict and Education. Global Monitoring Report, UNESCO Paris. (2010) doi: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001913/191338e.pdf
Thomas, Paul. “Youth, Terrorism, and Education: Britain’s Prevent Programme.” International Journal of Lifelong Education. 35, no. 2 (2016). 171-187. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02601370.2016.1164469
Watenpaugh, Keith David and Adrienne L. Fricke and James R. King. “We Will Stop Here and Go No Further: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Turkey.” Working Paper. Institute of International Education. University of California- Davis. 2014. http://www.ciaonet.org/record/32532?search=1